Monte Solarius de Los Romanos, Sierra Nevada, is one of the most important natural parks in Europe, corresponding one-third of its area to the province of Almería. This Biosphere Reserve is the place with the highest concentration of plant endemisms in the Iberian Peninsula.
Although the highest peaks of perpetual snow, a memory of ancient glaciers, are located in the part of Granada, in the Almeria area you can see peaks that exceed 2,000 m. like El Chullo, El Almirez, the vulture or the Polarda, where you can also enjoy the snow in winter, especially in the Port of La Ragua, with the possibility to practice cross-country and cross-country skiing.
By the slopes of the mountain range, you can see wild goat specimens looking for pastures. From the basal areas to the Cumbres region, you can observe the different vegetation floors and the communities of fauna that they house, among which the birds and especially the Raptors stand out.
In the Middle Mountain, you can find oak groves, oak, chestnut, and pine whereas, in the highest parts, there is a greater number of endemisms, such as the camomile real, which adapts in extreme climatic conditions.
Cabo de Gata-Nijar
When you leave San Miguel de Cabo de Gata and before reaching the Almadraba De Monteleva, on the left, you will find the Salinas de Cabo de Gata, with an ornithological Observatory. Binoculars or glasses are essential.
The road leading up to the Lighthouse is narrowed. A must-see is the Sirens Reef which offers a panoramic view from the viewpoint of the same name. From there you can reach the Torre de Vela-Blanca and continue walking or cycling to the beaches of Monsul and Genoves, or undo the road made to take the road that leads us to San José, bordering the Sierra.
If instead of going to San José we take the path to the left we will arrive at Los Escullos, with the castle-fortress of San Felipe and suggestive cliffs. The road takes us to the Isleta del Moro, a fishing village, with a paradisiacal image. Leaving the Isleta, we ascend and a few meters away we find the Mirador de la Amethyst.
Continuing to Rodalquilar, once you reach the town, there are the old mining facilities, which give the place a mysterious aspect. Leaving Rodalquilar, towards las Negras, on the right, a path will take us to one of the most beautiful beaches of the park, the Playazo, with a Castle and beautiful cliffs. Check out also Punta Entinas, an area with high biodiversity where you can find land and sea birds as well as plants that have adapted to the Mediterranean coastal environment.
If you want to discover the beauty and charm of the Villages in the Almería region, check out this page where you’ll find lots of information about the area’s natural spaces, towns, routes, etc. So get going and discover the villages and towns of Almería!
Sierra María-los Vélez
If you go from Vélez-Rubio to Vélez-Blanco, you’ll find the Maimón mountain peak which houses the Cueva de Los Signeros, with cave paintings, and important plant endemisms in its skirts.
In Vélez-Blanco, a group of historical-artistic interest, you can find the park’s visitor center where they give you information about its fauna, flora, and other highlights. After that, the road leads us to Maria. To the left is the mountain range of the same name with the peaks of Alto de la Burrica or Pico de María with more than 2,000 meters of height. The mountain region contains pine forests and old oak trees.
Close to Sierra Maria is the Hermitage of the Virgen de la Cabeza (Virgin of the Head). A mountain shelter has been built there and you can observe the wide pine forests. Very close to the Hermitage is the Botanical Garden, with the most representative species of the region.
Continuing along the María-Oree road you reach the Alamicos area, from where you can enjoy one of the most beautiful places in the whole natural park from the forest shelter. Going into the mountain range, and with binoculars, we can observe snakes, owls, squirrels, and wild cats.
Karst and the Caves of Sorbas
The natural site of the Karst and the Caves of Sorbas is crossed by the Aguas River. This is one of the most important speleological areas in the world. You can take a tour along the river or explore the caves accompanied by specialized guides.
The river tour along the river Aguas runs through “Los Molinos”, a place of great trees and lush pastures thanks to the presence of crystal clear waters. Studies are carried out in the area to deal with desertification. The river Aguas appears and disappears filtering its waters through the gypsum formations.
The internal cave excursions run through the Caves of Covadura which are several kilometers long where you can marvel at this impressive natural world formed as the result of water dripping on limestone during different phases of geological formation. When you’re traveling with your family, chances are your children might want some water fun as well. So check out AquaVera in the Almeria region where you’ll find lots of spaces where you can eat your own food and relax with the family or enjoy what the water park offers.
The natural landscape of Sierra Alhamilla, surrounded by the Taberna Desert and the Níjar Fields, stands out for its low population. From the desert area, you can climb through some tracks that will let you discover a surprising area of oak and pine trees.
In the highest part of Sierra Alhamilla, you can enjoy panoramic views of the area of Cabo de Gata, Almería, and parts of the western Almeria province area. The highest peak here is the Colativí. The Sierra Alhamilla is declared a Special Protection Area for birds due to the great diversity of species that come together.
Here you’ll find steppe birds such as the Dupont Lark and other unique birds such as the trumpeter. Also, the bald eagle and the royal owl can be spotted from here. Among the mammal species are foxes, goats, wild boars, weasels, and some reptiles such as the ocellated lizard. Check out also the Albufera de Adra, a wetland area of high importance for birds on an international scale. Birds that are under worldwide use the lagoon as one of their most important European refuges.